Dust mites: how to protect your children
One in five children and 5 percent of individuals in Singapore go through from asthma, and about 85 percent of these asthmatic sufferers have an allergy to dust mites.
A new research by researchers from NUS-SMART (Singapore- MIT Alliance for Research and Technology) found out that dust mites discovered in beds and cushions could cause more harm to asthma suffering patients than previously thought.
These pests and their poop matter can damage a person’s DNA, which usually can get worse lung irritation and lead to cell death if the DNA is not fixed.
Here are some points you should understand about dust mites.
1. WHAT ARE DUST MITES?
Home dust mites are microscopic pests that mainly live on the dead skin cells that human beings and their pets shed. The mites are mostly benign to people and do not bring illnesses, but they and their feces can bring about allergic reactions to human beings, specifically among asthmatics.
The bugs are only 250 to 300 microns in size and have transparent bodies, making them unseen to the naked eye.
2. BIOLOGY AND LIFE PATTERN OF DUST MITES
Adult females place about 40 to 80 eggs singly or in little groups of 3 to 5.
After the eggs hatch out, a six-legged larva comes forth. An eight-legged nymph will seem after the first plein de. Ultimately, it will become an eight-legged individual after two nymphal stages happen.
The life routine from egg to individual is around one month and the adult will keep going to live for another one to three months.
The major food source of dust mites is made up of skin scales, also regarded as dander, from human beings and animals.
On the other hand, they can also get their nutrition from other sources like fungus, cereals, breadcrumbs, pet food and fish food flakes.
3. WHERE ARE DUST MITES FOUND?
Skin units and scales are often discovered in mattresses, home furniture, and carpeted aspects.
Beds are a primary habitat for dust mites and a common mattress may have about 100,000 to 10 million mites indoors.
A single dust mite generates about 20 waste poop a day, each containing a protein that many persons are allergic to.
A car is an additional place where dust mites flourish.
The hot places where many of these tiny animals can be found include the steerage wheel, radio, gear shift, cup holders and car seats.
4. WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF ILLNESS OF ALLERGIES TO DUST MITES?
Manifestations of an allergy to dust mites consist of the nasal nose, sneezing, nasal blockage, red or watery eyes, breathing difficulties and difficulty in deep breathing, eczema, cough or hay high fever. You may encounter all or just some of these symptoms.
For kids, regular upward scrubbing of the nose could indicate an allergy or intolerance to dust mites.
A doctor can use blood tests and skin tests to confirm a supposed allergy.
5. WHO ARE MOST VULNERABLE TO DUST MITE ALLERGIES?
The way of life of a person can impact his susceptibility to allergies triggered by dust mites.
This was exposed in a study carried out by scientists from the National University of Singapore (NUS) and Agency for Technology, Technology, and Study (A*Star) and published in science diary Allergy in February 2014.
Other studies have also shown that asthma individuals living in mechanically-ventilated buildings – such as houses with followers, roof ventilators and air ducts- got better health than those living in air-conditioned buildings.
6. HOW WILL A PERSON GET RID OF DUST MITES?
First, reduce humidity interior rooms by opening up windows to allow air flow.
Set up extractor fans in kitchens and bathrooms and clean away condensation from home windows every day.
Seeing that a bed is a hot spot for dust bugs, make sure to wash the sheets, blankets, and pillowcases every two weeks.
The water used to clean your sheets, blankets and the should be at a minimum, 54 deg C.
You can also buy dust-proof or allergen-impermeable addresses made of plastic to encase beds, pillows, and style.
Take out carpets, and opt for floor covers like laminate, wood, tile, linoleum or vinyl floors instead.
If you have carpets and rugs, vacuum them every single day.
If the child is allergic to dust mites, make sure the room is kept tidy and soft toys are stored in a solid wood box to prevent them from collecting dust.
A beneficial suggestion would be to freeze favorite soft playthings at least once a week to kill dust mites and then clean the toys to take out allergens.
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